Epiphany: the true history of the Befana

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On the night between 5 and January 6th arrives the Befana that carries and take away all the holidays. Here is the story of the Befana for children

History of the Befana for children

The Befana is traditionally associated with an old woman with a long nose that turns riding a long and wide broom. Just like Santa Claus, the Befana enters the children's homes, in the night between 5 and 6 January, To leave stockings full of sweets, candies, dried fruit, small gifts and to those who have been a little brat does not forget to leave pieces of coal. But where the History of the Befana?

To the origins the figure of the hag refers to the year that went away, a year now old, just like the witch, which leaves room for the new one. And the distribution of the gifts has a precise propitiatory symbol.

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DIY Befana Stockings

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Many ideas to carry out stockings for the Befana at home

In this article

  • How to explain the Befana to children
  • Legends on the Befana
  • Where the Befana lives
  • Song on the Befana
  • Curiosity about the Befana

How to explain the Befana to children

In Christian era the figure of the Befana goes hand in hand with that of King Magi, Baldassarre, Gaspare and Melchiorre, who following the comet star that showed them the way, succeeded after a long journey to get from Jesus Child and to bring him to gold, incense and myrrh.

In the version that refers to the Kings Magi, the history of the Befana is that the Magi kings, directed to Bethlehem To bring the gifts to Jesus Child, they could not find the road and then asked for information to a vecchine encountered on the street. The Kings Magi asked the woman to accompany them to go and pay tribute to the baby Jesus but she refused.

After the old woman she clapped not to be gone and then she prepared a basket full of sweets and she struggled to look for them but she couldn't. Then he began to stop at home donating to every child he met some sweets in the hope that one of them was a child Jesus.

And from that day it makes the world's tour of the world, at home, making gifts to children to be forgiven this lack.

Legends on the Befana

The figure of the old witch flying into the skies aboard a broom is widespread in many countries. For example in Germany Perhetennacht is called: the old woman flew on a wagon, followed by witches, souls of dead children and elves. In all cases the witch in the end is defeated and is burned in large fires. And just the stake has an important meaning in the history of the Befana and on the day we celebrate it: together with the ugly vecia We also burn everything that has happened in the year just ended for hoping beauty and beautiful things.

Even in different Italian regions there are legends Tied to the Epiphany and the day of Epiphany that can be created from generation to generation. Here are some:

  • In Tuscany The peasants try to see the stars through the fireplace and if they succeed then a new wine stagne because it means that the vintage will be propitious;
  • in Emilia Romagna It is said that the night between 5 and 6 the walls become ricotta;
  • in Sicily It is said that the Kings Magi, on the day of the Befana, crossed the island and remove the oranges that had been burned by a terrible snowfall.

And in many European countries Gifts to children are not brought by Santa Claus, but from the witch the night between 5 and 6 January. Eg:

  • in Spain The night between 5 on January 6th is not the Epiphany to bring the gifts but the Magi kings and the children set off the door of the house a glass of water to quench the camels;
  • in France There is a façade inside a special sweet preparation for the occasion and those who will find it will be the queen or the king of the day;
  • in Russia The Befana is called "Bubuschka" and it's really her, in the company of Father Gelo, who brings gifts to children.
READ ALSO: Christmas poems for children

Where the Befana lives

If we know perfectly where Santa's house is located (in Lapland, and precisely in the snowy village of Rovaniemi) we do not know where the Befana clothes. It is not a precise place, we can only imagine, and to imagine our children, who live in a home a row full of cobwebs, mice and has a workshop full of stills to prepare witched potions.

Song on the Befana

We offer you some songs dedicated to the witch and videos to watch with children.

  • The Befana arrives: Mela Music

  • "The Befana Trollalalà" It is a song engraved in 1978 by Gianni Morandi that we all know and acts so "La Befana comes at night with shoes all broken... - VIDEO
  • "I wonder why - La Befana, a nice song - Video

Finally to celebrate the Befana here is a beautiful nursery rhyme of Gianni Rodari

The Befana arrived

with pei children's balors;

she rolled up her

she and fell in the chimneys.

You found boots

and transparent socks,

She filled them with sweets

to make very happy children.

She then left everything

With slightness and happy cuor:

no baby s is woken up

just then at that time.

Ascent in the chimneys

she has escaped in a big way.

I dreamed of children,

the poor old woman!

The Befana comes

From a very far land,

so far away that there is no'she is


The Befana, you know who is?

The Befana comes,

If you are shut up, you feel it well:

If you are silent, you fall asleep,

The befana plus you don't feel.

The befana, poor man,

It confuses hurry:

instead of the train I had ordered

a bit' of coal left me.

Curiosity about the Befana

Stories and curiosities about the most famous vecchine in Italy.

GPT InRond-other-0

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